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木府

名     称:木府
位 置:
丽江市区古城内
海 拨:2416 米 
门 票:45元(需出示古城维护票)
 
即明代丽江土司府,称得上是丽江古城文化之“大观园”。木府位于古城西南隅,是一组模仿北京紫禁城的宏大建筑群。其最负盛名者“忠义坊”为一座石牌坊,巍峨壮观,工艺精湛,堪称中华之宝。

纳西族首领木氏自元代世袭丽江土知府以来,历经元、明、清三代22世470年,在西南诸土司中以“知诗书好礼守义”而著称于世。木府位于古城西南隅,明代其建筑气象万千,徐霞客曾叹木府曰:“宫室之丽,拟于王者”。可惜大部分建筑毁于清末兵火,幸存的石牌坊也毁于“文革”。1996年大地震后,世界银行慧眼识宝,贷巨款相助重建木府,丽江俊杰精心设计施工,经三年艰辛备至的努力,使木府如“凤凰涅磐”般再现于世。   

木府占地46亩,中轴线长369米,整个建筑群体座西朝东,“迎旭日而得木气”。木牌坊上大书“天雨流芳”四字,乃纳西语“读书去”的谐音,体现了纳西人推崇知识 的灵心惠性;古牌坊通体皆石,结构三层,是国内石建筑的精品;议事厅端庄宽敞,气势恢宏,是土司议政之殿;万卷楼集两千年文化遗产之精萃,千卷东巴经,百卷在藏经,六公土司诗集、众多名士书画,皆 是翰林珍奇,学苑瑰宝;护法殿又称后议事厅,是土司议家事之殿;光碧楼乃后花园门楼,史称其建筑“称 甲滇西”;玉音楼是接圣旨之所在歌舞宴乐之地;三清殿是木氏土司推崇道家精神的产物,而狮山古柏深处,还有木氏土司祭天、祭祖、祭大自然神“署”的本 土宗教活动场所。木府充分体现了纳西人广采博纳多元文化的开放精神。

木府是一座辉煌的建筑艺术之苑,它充分反映了明代中原建筑的风采气质,同时保留了唐宋中原建筑古朴粗犷的流风余韵,而其座西朝东,府内玉沟纵横,活水长流的布局,则又见纳西族传统文化之精神。

木府又是纳西古王国名木名树,奇花异草汇聚一所园林,将天地山川的清雅之气与王宫的典雅富丽融为一体。

巍巍木府,得雪域之灵气,玉水之精魂,一游木府,纳西古国之秘境,尽收眼底。

木府

Mu's Residence

Admission Fee:  CNY 35 

Mu's Residence is situated in the southwest of the Old Town of Lijiang. It is the Tusi Mu's Yamen of the Naxi Ethnic Group in Yunnan. Tusi Mu was the ruler of Naxi during the Yuan (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644), and Qing (1644-1911). During their reigning, this residence was the center of politics, power and wealth in ancient Naxi. Although it is simply a residence, it holds the majestic essence of a palace. In the heyday of the Tusi Mu, the residence covered an area of over 100 mu (about 16 acres) and consisted of almost one hundred buildings. It could be said that it was a miniature Forbidden City. Unfortunately during warfare in the Qing Dynasty most of the residence was destroyed. The present day Mu's Residence was rebuilt from 1996-1999. The reconstruction is based on the original site and captures the magnificent image of what life was like at this great palace.

Mu's Residence today covers an area of 46 mu (about 8 acres) and spans a length of 369 meters (about 404 yards). It sits against the Shizi Mountain (Lion Mountain) and faces east in the direction of sunrise. The residence is made up of two areas: the office area and the living area. Upon entering the gate, one can see Yishi Hall (Meeting Hall) at the end of a vast square. This is the beginning of the office area. Yishi Hall is the place where Tusi conducted official business. This magnificent building is surrounded by dignified white marble balustrades. Three wood steles written with 'chengxinbaoguo' (meaning 'devoted to the country') by three Emperors in Ming are hung on the hall. Behind the Yishi Hall, there is the Wanjuan Pavilion, 'wanjuan' meaning numerous books. The pavilion houses thousands of sutras and many paintings and calligraphy works of famous scholars. Behind the Wanjuan Pavilion, lies Hufa Hall, the place of sacrificial activities. These main buildings all lie on an axis to the residence. Shizi Mountain can be reached from the rear of the residence. To the north there is a vast area dispersed with a series of courtyards. This is the living area of the Tusi and his families. Divided by a bounding wall, the layout of these courtyards bears striking resemblance to the living area found in the Forbidden City.

Mu's Residence reflects the architectural style of the central plains of China during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Its layout is arranged according to the pattern of the Forbidden City. Decorative work, including carvings and paintings of buildings, are similar in style to those in the palace of Ming. Most of the decorations are simple but sublime showing the dignity of the ruler. Some of the buildings show the delicate characteristics of landscape gardens in south China.

木府-Mu's Residence相关
木府——丽江式的“大观楼”  2012-11-5 木府探幽  2012-4-6
木府历史  2012-4-6 木府,纳西族的紫禁城  2012-4-6
 
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